The rapid pace of economic development in China over the last 30 years has begun to expose a new set of economic and social challenges. To deal with these challenges, China’s leaders will need to employ a new set of policy tools that may be very different from what has been successful in the past. In addition, China’s leaders must adapt to the growing influence of a broad array of non-state actors. Making these adjustments in the midst of a major transition of China’s political leadership will be no small task.
On May 1, the John L. Thornton China Center at Brookings and Caixin Media hosted a conference examining China’s major economic policy challenges, the substance of economic reform measures and the issues concerning their implementation. The first panel examined the reforms China should adopt to avoid the middle-income trap and the growing role of civil society in encouraging economic reforms. The second panel focused on the priorities for significant structural adjustments to address key issues such rising labor costs, low household consumption, rapid urbanization, inefficient domestic investment, and international competition.
Professor of Finance
Senior Associate, Asia Program & Bakrie Chair in Southeast Asian Studies - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to the United States
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I question whether the U.K. and EU will become political and economic rivals, as geography, history, financial interests, security concerns, and shared values will necessitate continued close cooperation in some form for the foreseeable future. My bigger concern is the all-consuming nature of Brexit, which could prevent the U.K. especially and the EU from engaging effectively against international rivals. Brexit already dominates debates in London, with a divided Cabinet and parliament having limited bandwidth to engage on global challenges. Even if the U.K. parliament ratifies a Brexit deal, the two sides must then embark on equally complicated and domestically contentious negotiations about their future relationship. In some form, Brexit will afflict Europe for years and risks detracting attention from emerging threats.