There are some structural negative changes that make some people in particular more vulnerable. And in the end, mental health just reflects that. ... For young people who do not have good higher levels of education, what they're going to do in the future is very unknown.
Combined with climate shocks, conflict in places like Ethiopia, and … supply chain shortages caused by COVID-19, the war in Ukraine is just exacerbating the impacts on food and economic security in the region.
The idea that philanthropy, that any single individual, has enough money to affect something at a global scale is a very new phenomenon. [Most billionaires have] accumulated their wealth because the world economy is now globalized, but to sustain a globalized world economy we need to have more inclusive growth.
To date there has been very little impact measurement [of the $100 billion climate finance pledge]. It is a very important issue. People look at impact in terms of the composition of finance, things that relate to the financing side. But in terms of real impact of climate finance, and efficacy across different donors, there has been no development impact or climate impact study done to date.
Africa is the world's breadbasket—or should be. It has vast arable land, grows a wide variety of crops and has vast irrigation potential with seven major rivers. Yet, Africa imported $43 billion worth of food items in 2019. Digital technologies ... are eliminating the traditional inefficiencies of smallholder food production and helping to close the yield gap.