[The rising middle class has been] critical for the future prospects of African economies as they stimulate long-term growth, social progress, an inclusive and prosperous society and effective and accountable governance.
Some private sector members may come to understand that this is in their best interests. It would allow them to check the box marked social responsibility. If I were a private sector entity I would want to be pragmatic about this.
Social upheaval is very likely if the measures are not accompanied by relief and stronger social safety nets for the vulnerable populations. The populations in confinement could face the uncomfortable choice between the certainty of death by starvation or some risks of death by Covid-19, unless the government steps up the relief efforts.
As for the future, while some jobs will be replaced by automation and robots, the main concern is displacement. Both the industries that are growing and the industries that are shrinking are low wage, and available work is going to be more low-wage work.