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On the Record

Nuclear arms control and non-proliferation in 2016

Nuclear arms control and non-proliferation has been a major element of the Obama administration’s foreign policy. To help understand recent achievements in that arena, as well as possible next steps, the Brookings Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative has prepared an arms control and non-proliferation primer.

The document outlines the Obama administration’s accomplishments, complications that have hindered progress on arms control, and possible next steps on issues including further nuclear reductions, treaty compliance, and missile defense issues. The presentation is meant to aid anyone seeking a quick introduction to the intricate world of nuclear arms control and non-proliferation.

  • Nuclear Arms Control in 2016
  • Introduction slide
  • What the Obama Administration has Achieved
  • Main Achievements
  • New Strategic Arms Reduction Treat (New START)
  • New START
  • Main Treaty Provisions
  • Deployed Strategic Delivery Vehicles (SDV) Limit
  • Deployed/Non-Deployed Limit
  • Deployed Warhead Limit
  • Treaty Implementation
  • New START Numbers, October 2015
  • Expected U.S. Force When New START Fully Implemented
  • Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) Process
  • History
  • NSS Goals
  • Achievements
  • What's Next for NSS Process?
  • Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)
  • JCPOA
  • Main Iranian Commitments
  • Impact of JCPOA
  • U.S. Commitments
  • What Has Hindered Further Nuclear Reductions
  • U.S. Views on Next Steps
  • Russian Views
  • U.S. Missile Defense in Europe
  • Missile Defense
  • U.S. Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (NSNW) in Europe
  • Bilateral vs Multilateral
  • World's Nuclear Powers, 2015
  • Issues for Further Negotiations
  • Potential Items for Negotiation
  • Further Reductions in Nuclear Forces
  • Modernization Plans
  • New Bilateral Negotiations Possible?
  • Strategic Nuclear Reductions
  • Time to Include All Weapons?
  • Estimated U.S., Russia Nuclear Warhead Levels, 2015
  • Key NSNW Arms Control Issues
  • Possible Confidence-Building Measures
  • Single Limit on All Nukes?
  • INF Treaty Compliance
  • INF Treaty Issues
  • Russian INF Counter-Charges
  • INF Treaty Compliance
  • Possible INF Solution?
  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
  • CTBT Status
  • Reasons to Ratify
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Nuclear Arms Control in 2016

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Introduction

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What the Obama Administration has Achieved

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Main Achievements

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New Strategic Arms Reduction Treat (New START)

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New START

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Main Treaty Provisions

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Deployed Strategic Delivery Vehicles (SDV) Limit

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Deployed/Non-Deployed Limit

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Deployed Warhead Limit

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Treaty Implementation

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New START Numbers, October 2015

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Expected U.S. Force When New START Fully Implemented

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Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) Process

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NSS Goals

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Achievements

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What’s Next for NSS Process?

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Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

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Main Iranian Commitments

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Impact of JCPOA

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U.S. Commitments

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What Has Hindered Further Nuclear Reductions

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U.S. Views on Next Steps

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Russian Views

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U.S. Missile Defense in Europe

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Missile Defense

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U.S. Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (NSNW) in Europe

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Bilateral vs Multilateral

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World’s Nuclear Powers, 2015

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Issues for Further Negotiations

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Potential Items for Negotiation

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Further Reductions in Nuclear Forces

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Modernization Plans

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New Bilateral Negotiations Possible?

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Strategic Nuclear Reductions

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Time to Include All Weapons?

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Estimated U.S., Russia Nuclear Warhead Levels, 2015

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Key NSNW Arms Control Issues

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Possible Confidence-Building Measures

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Single Limit on All Nukes?

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INF Treaty Compliance

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INF Treaty Issues

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Russian INF Counter-Charges

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INF Treaty Compliance

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Possible INF Solution?

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Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

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CTBT Status

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Reasons to Ratify

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The primer assesses the status of nuclear arms control as of early 2016 and key issues for the future. Topics include:

  • New START
  • The Nuclear Security Summit Process
  • The Iran-P5+1 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
  • Further cuts to nuclear forces
  • INF Treaty compliance
  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
  • Missile defense issues
  • Advanced conventional weapons
  • Multilateralization of arms control

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