Asia’s influence on global resource markets, albeit energy or mineral resources, has been increasing substantially. At the same time, the United States and the EU may be heading in different directions. The former is rapidly becoming self-sufficient with regard to energy resources, and efforts are underway to resurrect domestic minerals extraction. The EU is expected to become even more import dependent on external suppliers in the future, and continues to invest significantly in supply diversification, renewable alternatives and energy and materials efficiency.
Despite these differences the transatlantic partners are searching for ways to facilitate more trade and increase transparency. That does not guarantee effective transatlantic cooperation in the future, but it is a promising outlook. With regard to Asia, China is dominant in the processing of several minerals but increasingly dependent on energy imports. Greenhouse gas emissions in Asia continue to rise, and many Asian cities are suffering from water and air quality degradation. In this chapter from the book A Transatlantic Pivot to Asia: Towards New Trilateral Partnerships, Tim Boersma and Jaime de Bourbon Parme examine how these factors offer opportunities for trilateral cooperation and technology sharing.
[The U.S. seeks] to portray Iran as a criminal enterprise, not just as another bad country but as a rogue state that is engaged in horrible crimes across the region.... We are moving from a position of accommodation to one of confrontation across multiple fronts.
There’s a very strong tendency in U.S. foreign policy to acknowledge and to congratulate for holding elections, even when those elections take place in a pretty unfair context.