Recent visits by American and Western officials to South Asia appear to have reduced the risk of war between India and Pakistan. These visits may have achieved the limited objective of restraining the two regional powers, which both possess nuclear weapons. But can they bring peace to the subcontinent?
In the past, India has rejected external mediation in the Kashmir dispute while Pakistan has sought outside intervention in support of its own position. In the current crisis, however, India has sought American help in pressuring Pakistan to cease cross-border infiltration of militants into the disputed territory. The U.S. has also gained significant leverage with the Pakistani government in the past year since Islamabad’s decision to join the international coalition in the global war on terror. Should the United States use its new-found position to broker a Kashmir deal that stops the terrorism in India and satisfies Pakistan’s demands in Kashmir?
A panel of Brookings scholars, including Indian and Pakistani experts, briefed the press and the public on the various issues associated with the crisis coinciding with trips to the region by Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld.