Recent geopolitical, regional, and internal dynamics in the Middle East have been shaping the actions of nonstate armed actors in the region. Internal power struggles within Iraq over months-long efforts to form a new government have been affecting both Iraq’s paramilitary groups and the Islamic State. In Libya too, the various political factions and their militias have again resorted to armed clashes in a similar contest over government control. In Syria, various jihadi groups as well as anti-jihadi and anti-Assad nonstate armed actors operate even as the Assad regime has become increasingly normalized. In Yemen, the fragile ceasefire between the Houthis and the externally-sponsored Yemeni government faces significant challenges. External actors remain thickly involved in those and other Middle Eastern and North Africa countries diplomatically, militarily, and via proxies, such as the Wagner Group.
On December 5, the Brookings Institution’s Initiative on Nonstate Armed Actors will hold a panel to explore how nonstate armed actors are evolving and adapting to changing internal political dispensations and the external geopolitical and regional environment.
After their remarks, panelists will take questions from the audience. Viewers can submit questions via email to firstname.lastname@example.org or Twitter using #NonstateArmedActors.
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Many will find [military leaders' promises to adhere to a policy of non-interference] difficult to believe because ultimately, the reason that Khan lost power in April is that he had fallen out with the military. The outlook for Pakistan is political instability until the next election, whenever it is held.