In August, the United Nations Security Council authorized a large peacekeeping mission to monitor the Darfur Peace Agreement and provide protection for internally displaced persons and civilians. However, the government of Sudan continues to reject its deployment. Although African Union peacekeepers have agreed to stay on until the end of the year, they are understaffed, under-resourced and have a mandate too weak to offer real protection. The lack of security has undercut aid to hundreds of thousands who have no other means to survive. As the crisis in Darfur worsens and spreads to Chad, the United Nations and U.S. are considering new initiatives.
On November 20, the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement hosted two senior officials, Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping at the United Nations, and Andrew Natsios, U.S. Presidential Special Envoy for Sudan, for a discussion on new initiatives being pursued to address the deteriorating situation in Darfur. Carlos Pascual, vice president and director of Foreign Policy Studies, moderated the discussion, and Roberta Cohen, senior fellow and adviser to the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement, made introductory remarks.