Nigeria, one of Africa’s largest economies, is also the lynchpin of security in western Africa. Yet for over a decade, it has struggled to address devastating jihadi insurgencies and terrorism by Boko Haram and the Islamic State. Victory against both groups remains elusive and security in northeastern Nigeria has significantly deteriorated since 2017. Insecurity has also spread to northwestern Nigeria with the farmers-herders’ conflict, which is compounded by the intensifying effects of global warming and remains dormant at best. Proliferating across the country, militia groups add another complex security challenge. Amidst these widespread challenges, Nigerians are demanding meaningful human security and accountability from the often-brutal military and law enforcement forces, such as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS). Layered over these issues, the coronavirus pandemic has devastated local economies, exacerbating already high levels of poverty and inequality and fractious political processes.
On December 7, the Initiative on Nonstate Armed Actors and the Africa Security Initiative at Brookings held a panel discussion to explore these complex and overlapping issues. After their remarks, panelists took questions from the audience.
Viewers submitted questions via email to email@example.com or Twitter using #NigeriaSecurity.
ModeratorVanda Felbab-Brown Director - Initiative on Nonstate Armed Actors, Co-Director - Africa Security Initiative, Senior Fellow - Foreign Policy, Strobe Talbott Center for Security, Strategy, and Technology
PanelistAmbassador John Campbell Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies, and former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria - The Council on Foreign RelationsTakwa Z. Suifon Peace and Development Advisor to the United Nations Resident Coordinator - United Nations Country Team in Nigeria