It’s estimated that 200 million people—roughly 3 percent of the world’s population—live outside of their home countries. Some have been pushed out by political or ethnic persecution, war, or unemployment; others have been pulled away by the prospects of finding a better job, a good education, or a higher standard of living.
What happens to the countries that either lose or gain significant numbers of these migratory people? Nations that receive migrants can find them a valuable source of labor, skills, and new ideas, especially in parts of the world that are experiencing population aging. Despite the potential benefits, there is often widespread resistance to migrants, and governments can face pressure totightly control the flow of newcomers. On the other side of the equation, countries from which people emigrate may receive substantial economic benefits in the form of remittances but can suffer a “brain drain” of some of their brightest and most educated workers.
OECD Insights: International Migration examines key issues in the debate, including migration flows; managing migration policies; migration, work, and education; and migration and development. The book features statistical data drawn from OECD’s databases, as well as a number of special online features to enhance its potential for use in educational settings.