It has been an extremely eventful last week in Afghanistan. First the Taliban overran the important city of Kunduz in the country’s north. Then the Afghan government, aided by U.S. advisers and forces, prepared a counterattack to retake the city. Then a U.S. transport aircraft crashed in a different part of the country, causing 10 American fatalities and reminding us all of the sacrifice American men and women in uniform make in these kinds of difficult, faraway, and long operations. Then the Kunduz counterattack began to make progress in taking back the city, and there seemed at least to be some light at the end of the tunnel.
But then the hospital tragedy occurred, in which it would appear that a U.S. aircraft, an AC-130 Specter gunship, attacked Taliban positions near and perhaps within a hospital run by Doctors Without Borders in Kunduz. Nearby U.S. troops may have been at risk, leading to the use of airpower in such a setting. Tragically, some 22 individuals were killed in the sustained barrage by the AC-130, apparently from the direct effects of the ordnance itself as well as ensuing fires at the hospital. Most if not all of the dead appear to have been innocents; some were doctors and nurses; some were children.
With profound admiration for the U.S. and NATO military operation in Afghanistan, and with great affection for those I know who are part of it, I must offer three strong criticisms in light of what has to my mind been the greatest tragedy caused by U.S. forces in several years in this war:
- Most fundamentally, the fact that the attacks occurred at all at a known hospital was a major mistake in my eyes. Even if the U.S. forces had to let 100 Taliban fighters use it as a sanctuary, that would have been better than to risk hurting innocents at such a facility. It was doubly bad to have U.S. aircraft directly involved in the attack. The only possible partial exception to this would be if the lives of U.S. troops were at risk and if they could not be saved in any other way. I am skeptical that this was the case. Even if it had been, the ethics of using force in such a situation would have been deeply troubling.
- Insisting on the need for a full internal investigation before discussing the attacks further, the current U.S. government policy as best I can tell, strikes me as the wrong way to handle things now. The magnitude of the tragedy is too great, the likelihood that the United States made a major mistake here too high, to treat in this fashion. General David Petraeus used to say that we need to be “first with the truth” in these kinds of situations, and the delays in any kind of American response therefore strike me as mistaken. The U.S. embassy in Kabul has expressed deep sadness and mourning over the deaths, but more is required, and now.
- The initial use of the term “collateral damage” to describe the casualties to those inside the hospital was callous. Not only should we forever expunge that phrase from our lexicon in talking about human casualties in war, the United States should apologize for having used it yesterday.
The hospital bombing was a bigger disaster than the United States has yet recognized. The United States cannot undo it, but it needs to face up to what has happened, and do so immediately.
Emerging Voices Network Reception with Gareth Bayley, U.K. Special Representative on Pakistan and Afghanistan
The ceasefire shows yet again the leverage the Taliban now has thanks to its recent attacks. What’s most interesting is that the ceasefire doesn’t apply to the Islamic State. Whereas the Taliban have primarily attacked security forces, the Islamic State’s violence has much been much less selective, and has killed far more civilians. The Taliban’s strategy appears to have paid off— there’s popular support for a ceasefire with the Taliban, but not for one with the Islamic State.
The attack on the interior ministry is just the latest in a long string of brazen and high profile attacks in Kabul this year. This winter the Taliban carried out an ambulance bombing that killed over 100, while the Islamic State killed over ten soldiers in an attack on an Afghan army base. Afghan security forces have long struggled with how to defeat the Taliban alone. Now that the Taliban are competing with the Islamic State for resources and recruits, the challenge has grown even more daunting—the two groups are now locked in a race to see who can launch bigger and more devastating attacks.