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A group of residents of the Chapeu Mangueira slum, prepares food for distribute it to homeless people in Copacabana neighborhood during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 11, 2020.  REUTERS/Lucas Landau      TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Future Development

Solving both the short- and long-term COVID-19 crises

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The global COVID-19 health and economic crisis compels us to act in the short-term—in the here and now. We can’t look away from the human health consequences without giving our best efforts to lessen the suffering of those infected.

Mahmoud Mohieldin

Special Envoy on Financing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development - United Nations

Former Senior Vice President - World Bank

Former Minister of Investment - Government of Egypt

Michael Kelleher

Director of External Affairs - 2Blades Foundation

Former Advisor - World Bank Group

Former Special Assistant to President Barack Obama - United States Government

On the economic side, there is also great pain that must be assuaged. Some people are even using the “D-Word” to describe our unique predicament, with no widely agreed-upon solutions, and central bankers feeling the need to reassure markets that they are not running low on ammunition.

Multilateral organizations such as the World Bank and IMF have abruptly retooled and turned their focus completely toward this new global challenge, making sweeping changes in their agenda, engineering relief from debt service, and making substantial new investments in disaster response. The IMF estimates the total fiscal crisis relief is now at $8 trillion. The United Nations is also urging debt relief, while organizing a coordinated response and sending technical and material assistance to dozens of countries. The EU is stepping up with a large stimulus bill. Even a divided U.S. Congress agreed to spend $2 trillion for its crisis response.

However, poor nations, including those not yet experiencing high infection rates, will find it much more difficult to find the resources to climb out of this predicament. Low- and middle-income nations will benefit from multilateral assistance, but as infection rates rise, these nations may be disproportionately affected since 93 percent of the world’s informal employment is in emerging and developing countries. Helping these workers may require novel approaches, such as cash transfers, which have been used with success in other crisis situations, while some nations are offering tax relief to spur business activity, and others recommend wage subsidies and adjustments to credit guarantees and loan terms.

Of course, we have no choice but to act. Yet what happens when the crisis is over? There will likely be another Cassandra-like report which foreshadows the next crisis, begging our future selves to act in our own self-interest and to invest in solutions to problems that will confront us soon enough. Yet we rarely act to forestall or lessen the next crisis.

It’s not like we haven’t seen (a milder version of) this movie before: 15 years ago after SARS; and five years ago after the Ebola outbreak. Both times we diverted our attention just long enough to deal with the immediate needs, and then ignored the careful high-level post-mortem reports that laid out key decisionmaking and investments that would help us respond to future, perhaps much bigger challenges in the future like COVID-19.

Yet, buried in those not quite dusty post-mortem reports is a guidebook that shows us the way to serve both our short-term and long-term needs: to invest in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The 17 SDGs provide a pathway for us to “build back better” after the COVID-19 crisis, according to U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres. These global goals urge us to address challenges in poverty, health, inequality, and many other areas, while vowing to leave no one behind, with a deadline of 2030.

Many of the SDGs both address the current crisis as well as longer-term needs, including:

These are just a handful of examples of a comprehensive and applicable framework to enable us to achieve these goals while fighting poverty in an inclusive and sustainable way. Yet these COVID-related SDGs require adequate financing to respond to the crisis and also to make investments that can help us to become resilient to the ever-present threats.

This crisis has shown us the enormous economic and human costs of ignoring our own best advice to stave off the next crisis. This time, let’s do the right thing and deliver.

This blog was first launched in September 2013 by the World Bank and the Brookings Institution in an effort to hold governments more accountable to poor people and offer solutions to the most prominent development challenges. Continuing this goal, Future Development was re-launched in January 2015 at brookings.edu.

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