Amy graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and was commissioned as a Marine Corps officer in 1997 and served 20 years in the Marines. First, she became a F/A-18 weapons systems officer (backseater), completed two combat deployments, and flew 89 combat missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2002, as a weapons systems officer, Amy became the first woman in the Marine Corps to fly a combat mission in an F/A-18. In 2004, she transitioned to become an F/A-18 pilot and completed a second operational tour deploying to Japan and operating in the Pacific. She completed her third combat deployment in Helmand Province Afghanistan in 2010.
After her operational flying tours, Amy served as a Congressional Fellow advising a senior member of the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee on defense and foreign policy. Subsequently, she served in the Pentagon as Marine Corps liaison to the State Department and other federal agencies. She earned a master’s degree in international security from Johns Hopkins University, and she is a graduate of the Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction’s Program for Emerging Leaders at the National Defense University. Her final assignment was as a senior instructor in the Political Science Department at the US Naval Academy teaching U.S. government and national security courses before retiring at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and moving back home to Kentucky to raise her family. There, she ran races for the U.S. House and Senate.
More recently she founded The American SOS Project and Honor Bound, Inc. a 501(c)(4). She is the author of a book titled Honor Bound: An American Story of Dreams and Service published by Knopf. It's a memoir on her time in the military, what propelled her to run for office, and the hard lessons in leadership, sacrifice, and patriotism she’s learned along the way. Amy serves on the boards of IAVA- Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America and The Ploughshares Fund and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. President Biden appointed Amy to be a member of the US Naval Academy's Board of Visitors in early 2022.