REUTERS/Aamir Qureshi/Pool - Pakistan's Foreign Secretary Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry (R) holds talks with his Indian counterpart Subrahmanyan Jaishankar at the Foreign Ministry in Islamabad, March 3, 2015.
Managing intractable conflicts in the Middle East and South Asia
July 23, 2015,
The failure of successive U.S. presidents to sustain a Middle East peace process, and the inability of Presidents Clinton and Obama to promote normalization efforts in South Asia, demonstrates that, in these two regions at any rate, U.S. approaches to top-down diplomacy have not produced conclusive results—or worse—over the last fifty-plus years. Stephen Cohen and Maayan Malter explore the nuances of these two intractable conflicts and how expanding a problem might create the framework in which bottom-up and track two approaches might advance.