Content from the Brookings Institution India Center is now archived. After seven years of an impactful partnership, as of September 11, 2020, Brookings India is now the Centre for Social and Economic Progress, an independent public policy institution based in India.
In our report titled ‘Coal Requirement in 2020: A Bottom-up Analysis’, authors Anurag Sehgal and Rahul Tongia aim to examine the demand for coal in India in 2020 (using FY’14-15 as a base year), focusing on domestic coal production. Coal is predominantly used in power production, and hence answering this question requires a deep dive into (1) Demand for power; (2) Alternatives for power generation, especially Renewable Energy (RE), which has ambitious growth targets in the short term; and (3) ability to produce coal-based power (looking at virtually all the power plants under construction/planned, examining their location, technology, status of clearances, etc.)
Clearly, this is not an easy exercise. First of all, there are inter-relationships between variables, and hence the holistic look at this topic (one cannot do simple extrapolations only). Second, there is enormous uncertainty, even in just a few years (forget a more complex exercise such as modelling for 2030, the year for the carbon commitments for Paris COP21, through India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)).
Therefore, we apply not just wide sensitivity analysis, but also have released the model used, so that analysts/scholars/decision-makers can modify key assumptions to visualise its impacts.
Like other products of the Brookings Institution India Center, this report is intended to contribute to discussion and stimulate debate on important issues. The views are of the discussant(s), contributor(s) or author(s). Brookings India does not have any institutional views.
[Because India cannot tackle China's growing presence on its own,] you have now seen a broader switch in Indian strategy that has involved both developing its own capabilities and welcoming other external actors.