Carol Robbins is a senior economist and analyst in the Science, Technology, and Innovation Analysis Program in NSF’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). Her work at NCSES is focused on improving the data provided within the federal statistical system on the measurement of intangible investment and innovation, including, R&D, open-source software, patents, and trademarks. She is the author of the 2022 Science and Engineering Indicators report, Invention, Knowledge Transfer, and Innovation. Prior to joining NCSES, she worked for more than a decade at the Bureau of Economic Analysis, where she played a leading role in the conceptual and empirical work behind the BEA-NSF R&D satellite account and subsequent inclusion of R&D as investment in U.S. national, industry, and regional economic accounts. She has a B.A. in Economics from Bryn Mawr College and Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Delaware.
Senior Analyst, Science, Technology, and Innovation Analysis Program – National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation