Alberto Portugal-Perez is a senior trade economist with the World Bank Group. He has worked on a variety of development and trade-related issues, such as trade costs, trade facilitation, aid-for-trade, FDI, standards, food prices, and regionalism. He is currently working on aid effectiveness, concessional borrowing, and fragile states. He is the author of academic articles published in international refereed journals and books. He holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Geneva in Switzerland.