Article

A Defense Policy Vision

Peter W. Singer

INTRODUCTION

Barack Obama might ultimately rival Lincoln, JFK and Reagan as among the greatest communicators to hold the office of president. He is also the commander in chief of a nation now fighting three or four wars (depending on whether you count Libya and Pakistan as half or whole operations). From his days as a state senator to his time in the Oval Office, he has spoken with energy and eloquence about the issues that surround military deployments, articulating in detail in perhaps greater detail than any other president his sense of when and where force ought to be used in the nation’s interest (now being called the “Obama doctrine”).

However, there is one thing that Obama has never delivered a major speech on, either during his prior political campaigns or as commander in chief: defense policy.

Obama’s voice on this question has been unheard largely
because of the continuation of Defense Secretary Robert Gates
for the last four years. Gates will go down as a “Hall of Famer,”
whose tenure shines all the more brightly when compared
with his predecessor, Donald Rumsfeld. Obama’s nomination
for Gates’ successor, Leon Panetta, has served his nation in the
halls of Congress, the White House, the Office of Management
and Budget and the Central Intelligence Agency. Notably, other
than proven budget-cutting savvy, Panetta doesn’t bring a clear
background or an established constituency at the Pentagon in
the area of defense policy. (Panetta thrived at the CIA despite a
similar challenge, so no one should underestimate this consummate Washington power player, especially as he now
comes in with the political capital of having at least part of
Osama bin Laden’s scalp on his belt.)

Perhaps the greatest thing that Obama can therefore do for
his new defense secretary is to kill two proverbial birds with
one rhetorical stone. He should do what any good boss does
for a new employee: Set clear targets of action that he should
undertake to reach success. Obama should do so by stating
these goals in a defined and public manner, through a major
defense policy speech.

There are some who maintain that a civilian president should
concern himself only with the questions that surround the use
of force, rather than the military institution that delivers on
those decisions. Equally, there are others in Obama’s own party
who assert that a young, Democratic president should avoid
discussing the “hard” area of traditional defense issues. But as
another young Democratic president noted in 1961, the year
that Obama was born, such notions could not be more wrong.
Facing renewed great power competition and the rise of insurgencies
around the world, John F. Kennedy delivered a speech in
which he said, “In my role as commander in chief of the
American armed forces, and with my concern over the security
of this nation now and in the future, no single question of policy
has concerned me more since entering upon these responsibilities
than the adequacy of our present and planned military
forces to accomplish our major national security objectives.

Obama’s speech would not merely fill the gap in the commander
in chief’s oratory portfolio. It would help his new
defense secretary by providing clear direction (especially to
those in the Pentagon bureaucracy and Congress, whom
Panetta will have to lead, cajole and lobby) on the key areas in
defense policy that must be directly faced.