Feb 7

Past Event

Promoting Shared Societies: Inclusion in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

Event Materials



  • Inequality is Bad for Economic Growth

    Wim Kok, Former PM, Netherlands: Why pay attention to marginalized groups in a society, rather than just average citizens? Because if there is a lot of inequality in a society, then economic development pays a price. There is moral and economic value in including everybody in social and economic development.

  • Shared Societies Include Minorities and Majorities

    Kim Campbell, Former PM, Canada: We have to consider not just minorities or marginalized groups when we talk about shared societies. A majority, such as women, can also be marginalized for certain policy purposes.

  • Mauritius' History and Shared Society Vision

    Cassam Uteem, Former President, Mauritius: At independence in 1968, Mauritius was a divided country, but our first leaders formed a coalition government that slowly brought unity to the people. This set the scene for the development of Mauritius.

  • Latin America the Most Unequal Region in World

    Santiago Levy: Latin America has made quite a bit of progress in reducing extreme poverty, but 14 of the 15 most unequal countries in the world are still here. The region has a long way to go to reduce inequality and an even longer way to go in constructing shared societies.

    Santiago Levy

  • Sustainable Growth Connects Everyone to Shared Prosperity

    John Podesta, Former Member, High-level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda: The concept of inclusive growth has to connect the poorest people to ladders of opportunity and connect them to the financial, educational, and health care systems of their countries.


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As the Millennium Development Goals’ expiration date of 2015 approaches, groups around the world have proposed various frameworks and priorities as the basis for the future global development agenda. Club de Madrid, an independent nonprofit organization composed of the world´s largest collection of former heads of state and government, has advanced a “shared societies” perspective for the post-2015 development agenda, which argues that the inclusion of all segments of society, especially marginalized identity groups should serve as a foundation for the new global development goals.  

On February 7, the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings convened a high-level panel to discuss how social inclusion should fit into the post-2015 development agenda. Panelists included Club of Madrid members: Kim Campbell, former prime minister of Canada; Wim Kok, former prime minister of the Netherlands; and Cassam Uteem, former president of Mauritius. They were joined by Santiago Levy, vice president for Sectors and Knowledge at the Inter-American Development Bank and John Podesta, a former member of the High-level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Brookings Senior Fellow Homi Kharas moderated the discussion.

Join our discussion during the event using #SharedSocieties.

Event Agenda


February 7, 2014

10:00 AM - 11:30 AM EST

Brookings Institution

Falk Auditorium

1775 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.


For More Information

Brookings Office of Communications