Jan 6

Past Event

Waging Peace in Sudan: The Inside Story of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Prospects for Sudan’s Future

Event Materials



  • Political Capital Must be Invested in Sudan

    Gayle Smith, National Security Council: The international community needs to become more involved in Sudan, and leaders must be willing to invest political capital to ensure that peace is delivered to southern Sudan.

  • Centuries-Old Issues to Resolve

    Richard Williamson: Sudan has a centuries-long history of marginalization and subjugation that still plagues the country and will compromise peace efforts unless these issues are fully addressed.

  • Referendum May Spark Some Violence

    Hilde Johnson, UNICEF: Neither party wants to return to war, but the referendum may provoke sporadic violence. The international lead community must be prepared for this outcome.


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As Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum approaches, the country faces one of the most important moments in its history. A culminating event of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the referendum, scheduled for January 9, 2011, will be important for the future of the country and the region.

On January 6, in advance of the referendum, the Managing Global Insecurity Project at Brookings hosted a discussion of the impact and implications of the referendum and the prospects for sustainable peace in the country. As Minister of International Development of Norway, Hilde F. Johnson played a pivotal role in the CPA negotiations. She discussed her new book Waging Peace in Sudan: The Inside Story of the Negotiations that Ended Africa’s Longest Civil War (Sussex Academic Press, 2010), based on her experiences and her unique access to the parties and the talks. Johnson was joined by Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ), who commented on the potential outcomes of the referendum and Gayle Smith, National Security Council senior director for development and democracy, who discussed the regional implications of the referendum as well as her own personal experience working as a journalist in Africa. Brookings Nonresident Senior Fellow Rich Williamson, who served as special envoy to Sudan during the Bush Administration, also joined the discussion.

Senior Fellow Michael O'Hanlon, director of research for Foreign Policy at Brookings, provided introductory remarks and moderated the discussion. After the program, panelists took audience questions.

Event Agenda


January 6, 2011

1:00 PM - 2:30 PM EST

The Brookings Institution

Falk Auditorium

1775 Massachusetts Ave., NW


For More Information

Brookings Office of Communications

(202) 797-6105