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TDRs and Other Market-Based Land Mechanisms: How They Work and Their Role in Shaping Metropolitan Growth

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Transfers of development rights (TDRs) seem an ideal solution to the incessant conflict between land conservation and property rights. They also can serve as a useful tool to reconcile urbanization pressures and the desire to preserve rural and exurban land.

Using case studies and a national survey, this paper examines TDRs and other market-based land preservation techniques like mitigation banking and density transfer fees.



William Fulton

Director of the Planning, Neighborhoods, and Economic Development Department for the City of San Diego

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