Content from the Brookings Institution India Center is now archived. After seven years of an impactful partnership, as of September 11, 2020, Brookings India is now the Centre for Social and Economic Progress, an independent public policy institution based in India.
Several empirical studies have documented gender biases in healthcare in women in both developing and developed countries, more so in the former. One of the important aspects is the health care access, which is obviously very important since it has multiplicative downstream beneficial effects. Though gender gaps in access have been studied in India it has largely been in selective patient groups or selected medical conditions and in small studies. In this paper, we assess gender gap in the health care access to a large referral hospital catering to a large population of North India by contrasting the sex ratio of patients across all departments of the hospital, excluding obstetrics and gynaecology. This is further analysed across age groups and states of residence, with growing distance from the hospital, to assess impacts of these on the bias. Based on these ratios the number of missing female patients is then calculated.
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