This project is no longer being actively updated or maintained.

Three Trimesters to Three Years: Promoting Early Development, FALL 2020

The period from pregnancy through age three is the one in which the most rapid growth of the brain and behavior occurs. Yet most researchers and policy makers have treated the nine months of development during pregnancy separately from the first three years of life.

Prenatal experiences are part and parcel of the postnatal experience of mothers and their babies; the postnatal period is sometimes referred to as the fourth trimester, a way to highlight the fact that after a child’s birth, mothers themselves need continuing services and screening. Indeed, children’s wellbeing very much depends on their mothers’ health and wellbeing. The title of this issue of the Future of Children, “Three Trimesters to Three Years,” highlights continuity in development, the continuing intersection of mother and baby, and the rapid growth that occurs from conception to three years of age.

Read the full journal and policy brief on the Future of Children website.

Watch the Brookings release event here.

Past Editions of The Future of Children

How Cultural Factors Shape Economic Outcomes (Vol. 30, no. 1)

Universal Approaches to Promoting Healthy Development (Vol. 29, no. 1)

Reducing Justice System Inequality (Vol. 28, no. 1)

Social and Emotional Learning (Vol. 27, no. 1)

Starting Early: Education from Prekindergarten to Third Grade (Vol. 26, no. 2)

Children and Climate Change (Vol. 26, no. 1)

Marriage and Child Wellbeing Revisited (Vol. 25, no. 2)

Policies to Promote Child Health (Vol. 25, no. 1)

Childhood Food Insecurity in the U.S: Trends, Causes, and Policy Options (Fall 2014 Research Report)

Helping Parents, Helping Children: Two-Generation Mechanisms (Vol. 24, no. 1)

Military Families (Vol. 23, no. 2)

Postsecondary Education (Vol. 23, no. 1)

Literacy Challenges (Vol. 22, no. 2)

Children with Disabilities (Vol. 22, no. 1)

Work and Family (Vol. 21, no. 2)

Immigrant Children (Vol. 21, no. 1)

Fragile Families (Vol. 20, no. 2)

Transition to Adulthood (Vol. 20, no. 1)

Preventing Child Maltreatment (Vol. 19, no. 2)

America’s High Schools (Vol. 19, no. 1)

Juvenile Justice (Vol. 18, no. 2)

Children and Electronic Media (Vol. 18, no. 1)

The Next Generation of Antipoverty Policies (Vol. 17, no. 2)

Excellence in the Classroom (Vol. 17, no. 1)

Opportunity in America (Vol. 16, no. 2)

Childhood Obesity (Vol. 16, no. 1)

Marriage and Child Wellbeing (Vol. 15, no. 2)

School Readiness: Closing Racial and Ethnic Gaps (Vol. 15, no. 1)

View previous journal issues