While the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement brought new hope for southern Sudan, many barriers remain to the Agreement’s successful implementation three years on—-as recently illustrated by the fighting around Abyei, Sudan. The creation of the agreement and the deployment of a joint military force have calmed most of the violence, but the continuing Abyei border issue and disputes over the control of oil revenues remain as potential threats to sustainable peace.
On June 27, the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement hosted a discussion to examine Sudan’s 2005 peace agreement and to explore the ways in which it has been successfully implemented and the areas in which challenges still exist. Participants included representatives from the Sudanese government; Lynn Fredriksson, Africa advocacy director for Amnesty International USA; and Pamela Fierst, a member of the Sudan policy group at the State Department.
Khalid Koser, deputy director of the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement, provided introductory remarks and moderated the discussion. After the program, panelists took audience questions.
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"You have to play the long game. It’s fine to add money, but when the commitment is volatile and your funding goes up and down constantly, you can end up creating more harm than good."
"We have been in Central America for a long time. It’s not just money that has made us effective in the region — there is a lot of hard-earned experience, trial and error, and institution building that is slowly reaping results. The worst thing that could happen now is to go back to zero."
"Cutting aid to Central American countries would be a mistake, since U.S. aid dollars fund programs that reduce violence, strengthen the justice system, and encourage investment that make them more attractive places for their citizens."