With its presidential race looming and the withdrawal of most U.S. and NATO-led troops drawing closer, Afghanistan is facing a period of major transition in the months ahead. The outcome to the wide-open presidential race is crucial: the new president will not only manage the final phases of the U.S.-NATO troop withdrawal but will need to confront various ongoing challenges, including the continuing Taliban insurgency. Scheduled for April 5, 2014, the presidential election will do much to determine Afghanistan’s future, following the long presidency of Hamid Karzai, who has led the country since 2002.
On September 23, Brookings will host Saad Mohseni, chief executive officer of MOBY Group, the leading media organization in Afghanistan. Mohseni and MOBY will play a potentially key role as that nation prepares for next spring’s presidential election and the end of the U.S./NATO-led security operation in 2014. Mohseni’s media outlets, including Tolo TV, have covered previous Afghan elections and have won international recognition for independence, balance, and creativity. Brookings Senior Fellow Michael O’Hanlon, the Foreign Policy program’s director of research, will moderate the discussion with Mr. Mohseni.
Following the formal discussion, Mr. Mohseni will take audience questions.
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President-elect Bolsonaro has embraced tough-on-crime measures that egregiously violate basic human rights and eviscerate the rule of law. Responding to Brazil’s 63,880 homicides in 2017, Bolsonaro calls for increasing protection for police officers who kill alleged criminals and arming citizens. He calls for further militarizing urban policing, reducing the age of criminal liability from 18 to 16, reinstating the death penalty, authorizing torture in interrogations and imprisoning more people... Brazil’s police are already notorious for being one of the world’s deadliest in the use of force. In many favelas, Brazil’s retired and current police officers operate illegal militias that extort and control local communities, murdering those who oppose them and engaging in warfare with Brazil’s highly-violent gangs and in social cleansing. Bolsonaro is simply threatening to turn the rest of the police into state-sanctioned thugs.