The overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 unleashed a long period of instability in Libya. Although elements of governance and a functional economy remain, Libya’s central institutions are weak, with militias and other non-state actors competing for state spoils, such as oil. This internal crisis has significant security ramifications for Libya and beyond: Besides presenting a potential source of terrorism, Libya’s ungoverned spaces have contributed to the unregulated flows of people from the Middle East and Africa to Europe. However, in recent years, the United States has been largely absent from international–including U.N.-led–efforts to restore governance in Libya.
On March 12, the Foreign Policy program at Brookings hosted an event to highlight a new collaborative report which outlines recommendations for the United States and other outside actors on a new policy in Libya. The crux of these recommendations is to focus the country’s economic, political, and security activity on its major cities, with the United States reinstating its embassy and ambassador.
Questions from the audience followed the panelists’ discussion.
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The crux of [America's China] strategy is to advance interests, uphold values, and strengthen cohesion with allies and partners. One hopes that the Biden administration will be able to move discussion from questions of toughness to measures of effectiveness in delivering tangible results.