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Brookings’s Experts and Other Contributors


Adam Looney is a senior fellow in Economic Studies at Brookings. He is also affiliated with the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center and is an advisor to United Income. Mr. Looney is an expert on U.S. tax policy. Prior to joining Brookings, he spent three years with the U.S. Treasury Department as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Tax Analysis. At Treasury, Mr. Looney advised the Secretary on economic issues related to tax policy, analyzed current and proposed legislation, and provided the official receipts forecasts and revenue estimates for the Administration’s budgets. He also studied, among several issues, the causes and consequences of student loan distress and the economic returns to postsecondary education, and played an instrumental role in the advancement of several data-intensive projects including the production of the Department of Education’s College Scorecard.

Martin Neil Baily is the Bernard L. Schwartz Chair in Economic Policy Development and Senior Fellow with the Center on Regulation and Markets. Baily re-joined Brookings in September 2007 to develop a program of research on business and the economy. He is studying financial regulation, growth, and how to speed the recovery. He is a Senior Advisor to the McKinsey Global Institute and to the Albright Stonebridge Group. He is the co-chair of the Financial Regulatory Reform Initiative of the Bipartisan Policy Center, and a member of the Squam Lake Group of financial economists. Dr. Baily is a Director of The Phoenix Companies of Hartford CT.

Ted Gayer is the vice president and director of the Economic Studies program and the Joseph A. Pechman Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He conducts research on a variety of economic issues, focusing particularly on public finance, environmental and energy economics, housing, and regulatory policy. Prior to joining Brookings in September 2009, Gayer was deputy assistant secretary for Economic Policy at the Department of the Treasury, a senior economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, as well as an associate professor of public policy at Georgetown University and a visiting fellow at the Public Policy Institute of California and the American Enterprise Institute.

Aaron Klein is a fellow in Economic Studies at Brookings and serves as policy director of the Center on Regulation and Markets. Previously, Klein directed the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Financial Regulatory Reform Initiative and served at the Treasury Department as deputy assistant secretary for economic policy. Prior to his appointment as deputy assistant secretary in 2009, he served as Chief Economist of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee for Chairmen Chris Dodd and Paul Sarbanes. He worked on financial regulatory reform issues including crafting and helping secure passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010.

Nellie Liang is a senior fellow in Economic Studies at Brookings. Her research specialties include financial stability, credit markets, and the intersection of monetary and financial policy. She has published papers in the Journal of Financial Economics, the Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, and the Journal of Banking and Finance. Before joining Brookings, Liang was the director of the Office of Financial Stability Policy and Research at the Federal Reserve Board.

Adele Morris is a senior fellow and policy director for Climate and Energy Economics at the Brookings Institution. Her expertise and interests include the economics of policies related to climate change, energy, natural resources, and public finance. Morris joined Brookings in July 2008 from the Joint Economic Committee (JEC) of the U.S. Congress, where she spent a year as a Senior Economist covering energy and climate issues. Before the JEC, Adele served nine years with the U.S. Treasury Department as its chief natural resource economist. On assignment to the U.S. Department of State in 2000, she was the lead U.S. negotiator on land use and forestry issues in the international climate change treaty process. Prior to joining the Treasury, she served as the senior economist for environmental affairs at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers during the development of the Kyoto Protocol.

Clifford Winston, the Searle Freedom Trust Senior Fellow in the Brookings Institution’s Economic Studies program, has been with Brookings since 1984, and is the editor of the Series on Market and Government Failures. He is an applied microeconomist who specializes in the analysis of industrial organization, regulation, and transportation.


Ian Ayres is a lawyer and an economist, and is a contributor to the Series on Market and Government Failures. He is the William K. Townsend Professor at Yale Law School, the Anne Urowsky Professorial Fellow in Law, and a Professor at Yale’s School of Management.

Mike Calhoun is president of the Center for Responsible Lending (CRL), the policy affiliate of Self-Help, the nation’s largest community development lender, and is a contributor to the Series on Financial Markets and Regulation. At CRL, he provides management and policy leadership. Prior to joining CRL in 2001, Mike led several lending divisions at Self-Help, providing responsible consumer loans, mortgages and small business loans, and heading an innovative program to provide national capital for affordable home loans.

Edward Glaeser is the Fred and Eleanor Glimp Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1992, and is a contributor to the Series on Market and Government Failures. He has published dozens of papers on cities economic growth, law, and economics. In particular, his work has focused on the determinants of city growth and the role of cities as centers of idea transmission.

Anne Joseph O’Connell is George Johnson Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, and is a contributor to the Series on Regulatory Process and Perspective. She has written on a number of topics, including political appointees, bureaucratic organization (and reorganization), agency decisions in emergencies, political changes in agency rulemaking, quasi-agencies, and congressional oversight of agencies.

Nina Pavcnik holds the Niehaus Family Professorship in International Studies at Dartmouth College, where she is a professor of economics, and is a contributor to the Series on Market and Government Failures. Her research focuses on the intersection of international trade, development, and industrial organization and examines how households, workers, and firms respond to globalization.

Rachel Augustine Potter is an Assistant Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia, and is a contributor to the Series on Regulatory Process and Perspective.  Her research interests include American political institutions, regulation, public policy, public administration, and the influence of separation of powers on bureaucratic decision-making.  Her current book project addresses why some government agencies are successful in the notice-and-comment rulemaking process, while others fail.

Connor Raso serves as counsel at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and is a contributor to the Series on Regulatory Process and Perspective. He is a lawyer and social scientist with deep experience in federal administrative law and regulatory practice, securities law, federal consumer financial law, cost-benefit analysis, banking law, empirical analysis, and statistical skills.

David Skeel is S. Samuel Arsht Professor of Corporate Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and is a contributor to the Series on Financial Markets and Regulation. He is the author of True Paradox: How Christianity Makes Sense of Our Complex World (InterVarsity, 2014); The New Financial Deal: Understanding the Dodd-Frank Act and Its (Unintended) Consequences (Wiley, 2011); Icarus in the Boardroom (Oxford, 2005); Debt’s Dominion: A History of Bankruptcy Law in America (Princeton, 2001); and numerous articles on bankruptcy, corporate law, financial regulation, Christianity and law, and other topics.

Philip Wallach is a senior fellow at the R Street Institute, and is the editor of the Series on Regulatory Process and Perspective.  He writes on a wide variety of domestic policy topics, including Congress and the administrative state, climate change, the debt ceiling, and marijuana legalization. He is the author of To the Edge: Legality, Legitimacy, and the Responses to the 2008 Financial Crisis(2015).

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