James B. Steinberg
Former Brookings Expert
Erdoğan clearly has a strong personal interest in [Reza] Zarrab’s case, as he has raised it at the highest levels of both the Obama and Trump administrations. U.S. judicial proceedings could also hurt the Turkish economy. Since much of Erdoğan’s popularity resulted from his successful economic reforms, his domestic political support would be undermined by a downturn.
Involving [Japan, Australia, US and India in a "quad" to counterbalance China’s growing power in the region] was seen as too provocative back then. So to do this on the sidelines of [the ASEAN 2017 Summit] is a significant break from the past.
From the learning sciences literature we know that kids can learn small things, like addition and subtraction, on the way to big things — like creativity and collaboration. We're not doing poor kids any favors by the drill-and-kill method.