Global trading and environmental regimes are increasingly coming into conflict. The membership of the WTO is expanding and the GATT rules are becoming ever more wide-ranging. At the same time, international environmental treaties are rapidly evolving and national environmental legislation is developing in response to growing problems of pollution and resource depletion. The international framework needed to resolve conflicts between trading and environmental regimes is largely absent. This book, the proceedings of a recent conference, addresses these questions: What is the real evidence for trade-environment disputes? What are the key issues for the industry? How does the new WTO dispute settlement procedure operate in practice, and how has the EU managed to resolve similar conflicts? What does the future hold?