The impact of COVID-19 on industries without smokestacks in South Africa

A worker cleans mussels farmed on aquaculture rafts in Saldanha Bay near Cape Town, South Africa, June 15, 2021. Picture taken June 15, 2021. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings


The COVID-19 pandemic has hit several sectors of economies, including those in Africa particularly hard. The affected sectors include industries without smokestacks (IWOSS). The purpose of this brief is to conduct an early assessment of the effect of the pandemic on the economy, and specifically, the IWOSS sectors considered in the country case study, both in terms of the pandemic’s current impact, as well as to present a view on the long-term sectoral impact.

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