Russia continued escalating pressure on Ukraine on Monday as President Vladimir Putin recognized the independence of separatist regions in eastern Ukraine and ordered in additional troops under the guise of peacekeeping. In a live Twitter Spaces conversation, Brookings experts Steve Pifer, Angela Stent, and Constanze Stelzenmüller assessed Putin’s goals for Ukraine and beyond, and what the Biden administration and European leaders might do to avoid some of the worst possible outcomes.

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Thanks to audio producer Gaston Reboredo, Chris McKenna, Raman Preet Kaur, and Fred Dews for their support.