Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
The light from an atomic bomb test explosion (Operation Redwing, Shot Erie) is reflected in the waters of Enewetak Atoll May 30 1956 (REUTERS).
We must keep working for a world without nuclear weapons (yes, it's possible)
April 24, 2015, James Goodby and Steven Pifer
James Goodby and Steven Pifer write that, as nations prepare for the NPT Review Conference, they should not be satisfied with the current state of arms control and nonproliferation. They argue that the United States, key allies, Russia, China, and other states must reinvigorate the nuclear reductions process and rekindle the vision of a world without nuclear weapons.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Report | Deep Cuts Commission
April 2015, Deep Cuts Commission
Book Chapters | Hoover Institution
March 12, 2015, Steven Pifer
December 2014, Ariana N. Rowberry
Article | Journal of International Organizations Studies
November 2014, Mireya Solís
Article | The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs
Autumn 2014, Riccardo Alcaro and Aniseh Bassiri Tabrizi
April 28, 2014
April 28, 2014, Deep Cuts Commission
March 31, 2014, Robert Einhorn
January 23, 2014
BIG BETS & BLACK SWANS - Memorandum to the President
January 23, 2014, Steven Pifer
View All Research on Nuclear Weapons ›Show 10 More
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Read and share Iran Surprises Itself and the World, by Suzanne Maloney »
Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
View All Experts on Nuclear Weapons »
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