Mar 13

Past Event

Security Challenges During a Time of Transition

The 21st Century Defense Initiative’s Fourth Annual Military and Federal Fellow Research Symposium

Event Materials


On March 13, the 21st Century Defense Initiative at Brookings hosted its fourth annual Military and Federal Fellow Research Symposium, featuring the independent research produced by the members of each military service and the federal agencies who have spent the last year serving at think tanks and universities across the nation. Organized by the fellows themselves, the symposium provides a platform for building greater awareness of the cutting-edge work that America’s military and governmental leaders are producing on key policy issues.

The theme of this symposium was “Security Challenges During a Time of Transition,” reflecting the war drawdowns, new fiscal realities, and upcoming Quadrennial Defense Review. Panel discussions focused on fellows’ independent research findings in the areas of military leadership, the composition and structure of military forces, an increasing reliance on technology, and emerging maritime challenges. Thomas E. Ricks, senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, delivered opening remarks, and Dr. Arati Prabhakar, director of the Defense Advanced Research Agency, gave a keynote address.

Event Agenda

  • 10:00

    Opening Remarks: Welcome to Washington

    • Thomas E. Ricks

      Author, The Generals: American Military Command from World War II to Today

      Senior Fellow, Center for a New American Security

  • 10:35

    Panel 1: The Next Generation of Military Leadership

    • Moderator

      Lieutenant General James M. Dubik (Ret.)

      Senior Fellow

      Institute for the Study of War

    • Commander Laura D. Collins (USCG)

      “A Force of Many Faces: Diversity in the U.S. Coast Guard”

      U.S. Coast Guard Fellow, RAND Corporation

    • Commander Scott T. Farr (USN)

      “Building 21st Century Leaders: Adaptive Leadership and the U.S. Navy’s Officer Fitness Report”

      Former National Security Fellow, Harvard University

    • Colonel Paul M. Paolozzi (USA)

      “Talking Truth: Candor in the Army”

      Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings

  • 11:45

    Keynote Address

    • Arati Prabhakar

      “Driving Technology Surprise: DARPA’s Enduring Mission in a Changing World”

      Director, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

  • 12:30


  • 12:45

    Panel 2: Force of the Future – Successful Personnel, Efficient Institutions

    • Moderator

      Tim Kane

      Chief Economist

      Hudson Institute

    • Lieutenant Colonel John Barnett (USMC)

      “When We Go Big Again: Lessons Collected from the 2007-2012 DoD Grow the Force Initiative”

      Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings

    • Colonel Bradley Hoagland (USAF)

      “The Next Air Force: Developing RPA Pilots of the Future”

      Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings

    • Colonel Shawn A. Smith (USAF)

      “Beyond Joint-Unification of U.S. Armed Forces”

      RAND Research Fellow, RAND Corporation

  • 1:50

    Panel 3: Weighing Military Technology’s Opportunities and Vulnerabilities

    • Moderator

      Noah Shachtman
    • Lieutenant Commander David S. Forman (USN)

      “The Role of Strategic Deterrence through the 21st Century”

      Senior Military Fellow, Center for a New American Security

    • Commander Joseph E. Kramek (USCG)

      “The Critical Infrastructure Gap: A Look at the Current State of Cybersecurity in U.S. Port Facilities”

      Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings

    • Commander Mike Llenza (USN)

      “3-D Printing and the Navy of 2030”

      U.S. Navy Fellow, Atlantic Council

  • 2:55

    Panel 4: Same Waters, New Missions: Adapting to Emerging Demands

    • Moderator

    • Lieutenant Colonel John R. Edwards (USAF)

      “Are Nuclear Weapons Dominant to Assuring South Korea and Japan for Effective Extended Deterrence?”

      National Security Visiting Fellow, Stimson Center

    • Commander Rich McDaniel (USN)

      “No Plan B: Strategic Basing Loss and the Question of Bahrain”

      Federal Executive Fellow, Brookings

    • Captain Brian Penoyer (USCG)

      “Maritime Governance: Aligning Civil Maritime Presence and Capability to Human Activity”

      Military Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies

  • 4:00

    Closing Remarks


March 13, 2013

10:00 AM - 4:00 PM EDT

Brookings Institution

Falk Auditorium

1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW


For More Information

Brookings Office of Communications