Leaders from twenty-one countries, including President Obama, met in Hawaii for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit, addressing a full slate of economic and political issues. Prior to the summit, Richard Bush, director of the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, previewed headlines for the talks, including the development of a $500 billion free trade agreement between nine APEC countries, the impact of the Eurozone crisis on Asia and the growing need for green technology.
[Under Kim Il Sung's juche ideology of "self-determination"] no foreign country has retained a major presence in the North [Korea], other than in an advisory capacity.
[North Korean leaders] have a vested interest in maintaining the idea of an implacable American adversary [for its military-first policy]. It enables [Kim Jong Il] to explain why [North Korea is] backward: if it were not for the evil Americans, we would be x, y, and z economically advanced.