The European Union’s Eastern Partnership, Energy Security and U.S.-EU Cooperation
As the nations of Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the South Caucasus seek to strengthen their relationships with the European Union, the EU shares an interest in enhancing security, good governance and free markets on its eastern frontiers. As part of that effort, the EU established the Eastern Partnership with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
On November 2, the Center on United States and Europe and the Energy Security Initiative at Brookings co-hosted a conference on the European Union’s Eastern Partnership with the Embassy of Poland, the Delegation of the European Commission, the Embassy of Sweden and the Heinrich Boll Foundation. The Frontiers of Europe conference discussed the Eastern Partnership’s potential—and the challenges it will face—in achieving its stated goals of promoting democratic values and good governance; strengthening energy security; and fostering stability and economic development. Featured speakers included Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt; Polish Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski; Benita Ferrero-Waldner, European commissioner for external relations and European neighborhood policy; and Richard Morningstar, U.S. special envoy for Eurasian Energy.
After each panel, participants took audience questions.
Special Representative for the South Caucasus
Plenipotentiary of the Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Eastern Partnership
Ambassador of Georgia to the U.S.
Deputy Chief of Mission
Special Advisor to Javier Solana
Advisor to President José Manuel Barroso
U.S. Special Envoy for Eurasian Energy
Energy Policy Coordinator, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
European Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighborhood Policy
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The Russians have effectively already declared war quite a long time ago in the information sphere. They’ve been trying to prove that they are a major cyber force — they want to create a wartime scenario so then they can sit down and agree some kind of truce with us.
[Putin] wants to have a relationship that is essentially a managed confrontation right now with the United States because Putin is mobilizing at home ahead of his own election season. And he's trying to explain to the Russian people why he, Vladimir Putin, should stay in power indefinitely. And it's because there's an external adversary who is up. That's the United States in their depiction. So if we kind of disappeared from the scene and all was normal and we were having a nonconfrontational relationship, it would be very difficult to justify the mobilization that requires keeping people like Alexei Navalny in jail and generally having a rather militarized posture in the international arena.