The European Union’s Destiny After the Irish Vote on the Lisbon Treaty
The Irish recently ratified the Lisbon Treaty, a far-reaching reorganization of the European Union (EU). In June 2008, after Ireland rejected the treaty in a first referendum, concessions were offered by the twenty-six other EU countries, all of them having adopted the treaty.
On October 5, the Center on the United States and Europe at Brookings and the Heinrich Böll Foundation hosted a panel of experts to discuss the expected changes in the European Union and the implications for the United States. Panelists included Ambassador John Bruton of the European Union; Brookings Visiting Fellow Federiga Bindi; President Ralf Fuecks of the Heinrich Böll Foundation; Timothy Garton Ash of the University of Oxford and the Hoover Institution; and Professor Charles Kupchan of Georgetown University and the Council on Foreign Relations. The event is part of a series of briefings and discussions on the future of the European Union.
Senior Fellow Justin Vaïsse made introductory remarks and moderated the discussion. After the program, panelists took audience questions.
“The 21st century has revalued these small geographies. That’s what the 21st century demands,” Katz said, noting that these days, “[w]e aren’t innovating in isolated business parks” in the suburbs.
"Instead of stopping trade, modernize the trade agreements, but also provide safety nets for workers. Because these things are going to keep happening, not only because of trade but because of modernization."