Syria’s Humanitarian Crisis and Its Political Implications
The mounting civilian casualties in Syria and the displacement of millions of Syrians – with prospects of more casualties and displacement – make this the most daunting humanitarian crisis facing the world today. Over two million Syrians are presently registered as refugees in neighboring countries like Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon, which are struggling to meet the needs of Syrian refugees arriving at their borders. Five million Syrians have been internally displaced and delivery of humanitarian aid inside the country is incredibly difficult. The destruction and displacement have political implications for the region and for the international community.
On September 18, the Brookings Foreign Policy Program hosted a discussion on the humanitarian crisis in Syria and its political consequences and launched a new policy brief, “Syrian Crisis: Massive Displacement, Dire Needs and a Shortage of Solutions.” Senior Fellow Elizabeth Ferris, co-director of the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement, introduced the policy brief, provided insights based on recent travel to the region and moderated the discussion. The head of U.S. delegation at the International Committee of the Red Cross, François Stamm, provided perspectives based on their work inside Syria. Salman Shaikh, director of the Brookings Doha Center, offered comments on both the immediate and long-term political effects of the humanitarian crisis.
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Most protests in Iran are over economic issues. What’s different is that it seems to have tapped into a deep sense of alienation and frustration, that people aren’t just demonstrating for better working conditions or pay, but insisting on wholesale rejection of the system itself.
[The Trump administration's travel ban is] an affront to all Iranians. You can’t tell Iranians that you have their back when they confront the regime if you’re not willing to let them in your country... If you’re uncertain about going to the streets, knowing that you have somewhere to go is possibly a small encouragement. Many Iranians came here after 2009.
My guess is that the Islamic Republic will ride [these protests] out, [but they will take a] toll on the legitimacy of the government as a whole [and] undercut [Rouhani's] credibility as a guy who can fix the economy.