Members of the U.N. Security Council, including representatives from Russia, China, and South Africa vote against a U.S. draft resolution calling for free and fair presidential elections in Venezuela at U.N. headquarters in New York, U.S., February 28, 2019. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson - RC166DE52B80

From human rights to energy to trade and beyond, how is China approaching global norms and norm development?

Global China: Global governance and norms

Authors: Tarun Chhabra, Rush Doshi, Ryan Hass, Emilie Kimball

China’s efforts to secure a larger role for itself in multiple international institutions have generated questions about the scale of its ambitions and the tools it will use to advance them.

China’s expanding influence at the United Nations — and how the United States should react

Authors: Jeffrey Feltman

The fears that China is changing the United Nations from within seem if not overblown, at least premature. The U.N. can still be a force multiplier for the values and interests of the United States, but only if Washington now competes for influence rather than assume automatic U.N. deference.

China’s pragmatic approach to UN peacekeeping

Authors: Richard Gowan

China’s involvement in United Nations peacekeeping is one of its better-known investments in the multilateral system. But its contributions to blue helmet missions remain limited, and Beijing has taken a cautious approach to expanding its commitments.

China's influence on the global human rights system

Authors: Sophie Richardson

Is the Chinese government’s greater engagement with international institutions a gain for the global human rights system? A close examination suggests not.

China’s system of oppression in Xinjiang: How it developed and how to curb it

Authors: James Millward, Dahlia Peterson

Chinese Communist Party policies towards Xinjiang have increased colonial development, further eroded Uyghur autonomy through force and ethnic assimilationism, and co-opted the “Global War on Terror” framing to portray all Uyghur resistance as “terrorism.”

Show and case: How Beijing approaches gender equality and LGBT issues on the world stage

Authors: Darius Longarino

Despite its rhetoric, Beijing has worked at the U.N. to marginalize women’s rights defenders — critical actors for promoting gender equality — and has consistently voted against measures to strengthen visibility and protection of LGBT people’s human rights.

Network power: China’s effort to reshape Asia’s regional security architecture

Authors: Lindsey W. Ford

A 2014 speech by Xi Jinping was the first signal of Beijing’s more focused effort to alter the security architecture supporting the Asia-Pacific regional order. To achieve this goal, China is seeking to contest the “network power” that has enabled American leadership in the Asia-Pacific.

Democracy first: How the US can prevail in the political systems competition with the CCP

Authors: Patrick W. Quirk, David O. Shullman, Johanna Kao

If Washington’s China strategy is to effect its desired change — a world where America is secure and remains the preeminent power — it must include investments focused on winning the competition of political systems.

Reluctant player: China’s approach to international economic institutions

Authors: David Dollar

Much of the American concern with China’s role in the global economy is related to the partial integration of the country into the global economic institutions.

The renminbi rises but will not rival the dollar

Authors: Eswar Prasad

It is likely that the renminbi will gradually become a more significant player in international financial markets, yet its full potential will remain unrealized unless the Chinese government undertakes a broad range of economic and financial system reforms.

China’s digital services trade and data governance: How should the United States respond?

Authors: Joshua P. Meltzer

China is the world’s second-largest digital economy, second only to the United States, and leads the world in the value of many digital applications, including e-commerce and mobile payments. Yet, China remains largely closed to foreign competition.

China’s influence on the global middle class

Authors: Homi Kharas, Meagan Dooley

How will a growing Chinese middle class impact global politics, when democracy is no longer the only way to achieve a stable middle-class lifestyle?

The evolving relationship between the international development architecture and China’s Belt and Road

Authors: Kristen A. Cordell

Multilateral organizations also see both challenges and opportunities around China’s Belt and Road Initiative as it relates to their investments in global governance. They are weighing the potential for shared resources against the rule-bending ambitions of China’s approach.

Signing up or standing aside: Disaggregating participation in China’s Belt and Road Initiative

Authors: Jack Nolan, Wendy Leutert

As the geographic scope of China’s Belt and Road Initiative continues to grow, countries must decide whether to join — and to what extent they should participate.

International law with Chinese characteristics: Beijing and the “rules-based” global order

Authors: Robert D. Williams

Like other powerful nations, China may refuse to comply with international law when doing so suits its perceived interests. Nonetheless, international law matters to China.

The global energy trade’s new center of gravity

Authors: Samantha Gross

To understand how China fits into energy markets and how energy shapes its policy, examining the electricity and oil and gas industries separately is illustrative.

Can the United States and China reboot their climate cooperation?

Authors: Todd Stern

President Donald Trump pulled the plug on U.S.-China climate engagement. If former Vice President Joe Biden wins the election in November, it will be vital to again work effectively with China on climate change.

The climate of Chinese checks: Easing global warming by greening Chinese foreign infrastructure investment

Authors: Jeffrey Ball

The trajectory of climate change will depend on decisions about the sort of infrastructure that Chinese entities fund abroad, and the U.S. should re-engage and seek to shift financial incentives toward lower-carbon projects.