Nobel laureate Wangari Mathaai of Kenya passed away last night on September 25, 2011, after a long battle with cancer. Prof. Mathaai was an institution herself—waging war against corruption, the abuse of human rights and being at the forefront of the democratization movement in Kenya. Her commitment to reform rightfully earned her the title of the ‘mother of the second liberation’. But it is her unrelenting commitment to the environment for which she will forever be remembered. As founder of the Greenbelt Movement, Mathaai mobilized Kenyan communities to plant trees in what was fast becoming a wasteland. It is because of her work on environmental preservation that she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004, a first for an African woman.
Growing up at a time when women were largely relegated to the periphery, and coming from a humble family in Central Kenya, Mathaai’s achievements are unparalleled. She confronted the male dominated institutions with courage and determination. She was the first East African woman to earn a doctorate in veterinary anatomy and later became a professor at the University of Nairobi. Maathai served in many capacities—head of the Kenya’s premier women organization, a member of the Kenya’s Parliament, an assistant Minister, among other positions.
Wa Maathai—as many Kenyans referred to her—was indeed ahead of her time in thinking about climate change and its effect on livelihoods. She opposed the government’s encroachments of public lands and, especially, the allocation of forest land to individuals. She became an unrelenting voice against large development plans that would have otherwise adversely impacted on the environment. But she paid a huge price for her efforts and was often humiliated in public with some leaders referring to her as “that mad woman.” However, she persevered and even her critics came to admire and support her vision.
With the passing of Prof. Maathai, Kenya has lost a great citizen. Africa, and indeed the world, has lost a great visionary. Her contribution to the preservation of the environment is a gift that Kenyans will enjoy for generations to come. Without a doubt, wonderfully worded tributes will be sent to Kenyans and her family from leaders all over the world, yet I cannot imagine any more meaningful tribute by Africans than what would have made this great lady smile: PLANT A TREE TODAY!
Brookings Senior Fellow and former U.S. State Department Special Envoy on Climate Todd Stern spoke at the US Climate Action Center, at the COP 24 UN climate negotiations, on the future of the Paris Agreement in Katowice, Poland on December 10, 2018.
[On the U.S. negotiating team at the COP 24 climate negotiations in Katowice, Poland] They work seriously, effectively and knowledgeably. There is only this technical negotiating team, not a political one.
[On the role of the United States in the U.N. climate negotiations at COP 24 in Katowice, Poland] You cannot underestimate the negative impact of the U.S. being on the sidelines. With Obama, the U.S. had credibility. We brought China along. We moved a lot of countries out of their comfort zones. That’s all missing now.