From all of the research and analysis produced by Brookings experts in the month of June, here is a sample of just 10 items, highlighting interesting and important findings.
1. Teachers can’t afford housing near their schools
Andre M. Perry, a David M. Rubenstein Fellow in the Metropolitan Policy Program, identifies variation in the purchasing power of teachers’ salaries across the United States. In the San Francisco metropolitan area, for example, teachers can expect to spend as much as 70 percent of their income on housing, despite receiving a salary at the upper end of the national distribution.
2. More than half of the world’s poor are children
Children represent 30 percent of the world population, however, more than half of the world’s impoverished are under the age of 18. “Children remain both a cause of poverty and its consequence,” Katharina Fenz and Kristofer Hamel write, because larger families require more food and income. Policymakers, they argue, should “focus on policies and interventions aimed at improving poor children’s quality of life, well-being, and economic prospects.”
3. Development from China’s Belt and Road Initiative may not reach smaller cities
Projected outcomes of China’s BRI favor development in larger cities near border crossings, observe Indermit Gill, Somik V. Lall, and Mathilde Lebrand. While wages and welfare will increase in urban hubs, such benefits will not reach regions where residents are immobile, causing additional migration to larger cities. “Within countries, workers can have very different levels of market access depending on where they live,” they write. “For the countries of Central Asia, labor mobility is even more crucial for success as they sign up for more transport investments and deeper trade facilitation.”
4. The US isn’t fighting disinformation fast enough
While democracies in Europe have started to fight state-sponsored disinformation campaigns, the U.S. has been much slower in mobilizing to fight disinformation tactics, write Alina Polyakova and Daniel Fried. While the U.S. stalls, “state-sponsored disinformation campaigns are upping their game,” they say, and the U.S. must “step up” and “develop a democratic defense against disinformation.”
5. America must change its trade strategy for dealing with China
In light of the trade war as a result of U.S. tariffs on many Chinese imports, Ryan Hass argues that America must change its approach when dealing with China’s unfair business practices and eliminate the tariffs that have been imposed. Instead of this aggressive approach, which has placed a heavy economic burden on American industry, America must leverage China’s fellow trade partners and organize a concerted coalition against China’s unfair economic practices.
6. STEM MAJORS FACE A WAGE PENALTY FOR CHOOSING TO TEACH
In an analysis for the Brown Center on Education Policy, Senior Fellow and Director Michael Hansen, with Grace Breazeale and Mary Blankenship, takes a closer look at teacher pay. These authors identify a wage gap between STEM and non-STEM teachers, noting that “STEM majors face greater wage penalties for choosing to teach than their non-STEM counterparts at all points in their careers.”
7. Some of the strongest candidates to help Democrats win a Senate majority are running for president
In a new piece for the FixGov blog, Senior Fellow Elaine Kamarck identifies three of the strongest candidates in Texas, Colorado, and Montana who could help Democrats take back the Senate in 2020 but instead chose long-shot runs for president. She writes: “There are many problems with such a crowded Democratic race for the presidency but the biggest one could turn out to be in the Senate.”
8. China’s new payment system favors digital wallets and QR codes over cards
Fellow Aaron Klein breaks down China’s new payment system and analyzes how it leapfrogged a card-based system in favor of digital wallets and QR codes. He argues that while it has replaced cash at registers and has changed how even beggars ask for money, it is unlikely to catch on in the U.S. and other countries with well-established banking systems.
9. For prosperity, urban planners should abandon the highway model and build for proximity
Adie Tomer, Joseph Kane, and Lara Fishbane argue that transportation models must prioritize proximity and shorter-distance travel. This urban form has many benefits, including the growth of industries and regional economies, less infrastructure per capita, affordable and age-neutral transportation, and a safer and more sustainable population.
10. State strategies lead to declines in unplanned pregnancies, declining abortion rates, and lower government costs for health care
As the nation engages in critical debates concerning women’s reproductive health, Isabel Sawhill and Katherine Guyot study strategies for reducing unplanned pregnancies and births. They conclude that empowering women to have only the children they want has positive benefits for everyone in the form of better pregnancy outcomes, improved child well-being, more opportunities for women and their partners, reductions in costs to governments, and lower abortion rates.
Betsy Broaddus, Sophia Durham, Sonia Gupta, and John Holland contributed to this post.