Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
A Pakistani paramilitary soldier keeps guard inside a bunker at the Pakistani border town of Dhamala Hakimwala near Sialkot (REUTERS/Faisal Mahmood).
Tensions Rising Dangerously in South Asia
October 19, 2014, Bruce Riedel
Bruce Riedel argues that escalating tensions sparked by the Lashkar e Tayyiba attack on the Indian consulate in Herat last May could lead to war between India and Pakistan. Political pressures on Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif and India’s Narenda Modi leave little room for compromise or dialogue, Riedel explains, and waning U.S. influence in the region will make it difficult to avert a nuclear exchange with terrible consequences.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
October 15, 2014, Paul Park and Katharine H.S. Moon
October 13, 2014, Steven Pifer
Opinion | The Chosun Ilbo
October 13, 2014, Katharine H.S. Moon
September 29, 2014
September 24, 2014, James Tyson and Hanif Zarrabi-Kashani
India-U.S. Policy Memo
September 2014, Robert Einhorn
September 2014, Suzanne Maloney
Opinion | CNN
September 17, 2014, Steven Pifer and Strobe Talbott
Article | The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs
Autumn 2014, Riccardo Alcaro and Aniseh Bassiri Tabrizi
August 19, 2014, Robert Einhorn
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Brookings Doha Center
Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
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