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Brookings Data Now: U.S. Afghanistan Deaths, Syrian Refugees, Paying Taxes, and More

In this edition of Brookings Data Now: fatalities in Afghanistan; making it to the middle class; the poor and near-poor; Syrian refugees; Americans who paid no income or payroll taxes; years to full employment.

2,143
U.S. fatalities in Afghanistan
As of August 26, 2013, there have been at least 2,143 U.S. fatalities attributed to either fighting or non-hostile deaths in Afghanistan. Get more data in the latest Afghanistan Index.
28%
of blacks make it to the middle class
By age 40, 63% of whites in America make it to the middle class. Only 28% of blacks do so at the same age.
26 million
more Americans in poverty since 2000
The increase, between 2000 and 2011, of the number of poor and near-poor in the United States. The 2011 figure is 107 million. Read how New York City's next mayor can help make progress on this issue.

512,000
Syrian refugees in Jordan

Estimate of the number of Syrian refugees in Jordan. There are also millions of Palestinian and Iraqi refugees in that country.
14.4%
of Americans pay neither income nor payroll taxes
According to the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center, over 14% of American households paid neither income taxes nor payroll taxes in 2013. Of these households, over two-thirds are elderly.
~ 8 years
to restore full employment in America
After calculating the current job gap at between 7 million and 7.5 million, Gary Burtless concludes that it will take 7½ to 8 years to restore full employment in America. 

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