Despite progress toward a cleaner energy system, current U.S. policies appear insufficient to reduce emissions enough to avoid catastrophic climate change while sustaining economic growth. Energy innovation is a crucial part of addressing this problem, but a number of inefficiencies persist in the innovation system. Efforts to commercialize new technologies encounter difficulties both in launching new firms and in scaling up production.
Goldstein, Azoulay, Graff Zivin, and Bulović examine practices and institutions that successfully support the pharmaceutical innovation system and that hold important lessons for energy innovation. They propose multiple reforms to the energy innovation pipeline, including: (1) a robust system of contract organizations to perform specialized research, (2) uniform technical standards, and (3) better regulatory incentives for electric utilities.
Accelerating energy innovation is both a necessary part of climate change mitigation and a spur to economic growth, but there are a number of institutional challenges that make such innovation particularly difficult in energy technology. By comparison, the system for bringing new technologies to market in pharmaceuticals is more effective. The authors propose three types of reform to the energy innovation system that build upon lessons from pharmaceutical innovation: (1) a robust system of contract organizations to perform specialized research, (2) uniform technical standards, and (3) better regulatory incentives for electric utilities.
Postdoctoral Researcher - Stanford University and Carnegie Institution for Science
International Programs Professor of Management and Professor of Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Strategic Management - MIT Sloan School of Management
Joshua Graff Zivin
Professor and Associate Dean of Faculty Affairs - School of Global Policy & Strategy, University of California, San Diego
Fariborz Maseeh Chair in Emerging Technology and Associate Dean for Innovation - MIT School of Engineering
Report Produced by The Hamilton Project