On the morning of the first 2004 presidential election debate, Senior Fellow Ivo Daalder and Robert Lieber, professor of government and foreign policy at Georgetown University, discuss the differences in foreign policy outlooks and implementation by the two presidential candidates.
Daalder argues that the fundamental distinction between the two candidates is their underlying approach to foreign policy: Bush’s confidence in American power has led him to conduct a foreign policy that emphasizes the importance of being steady and moving forward, while Kerry’s conviction that one needs to work with other countries to solve problems would result in a different way of leading America. If the U.S. had tried from the beginning to make Iraq an international effort, Daalder contends, then ninety percent of the troops there would not be American, rather they would constitute a far smaller percentage as in Afghanistan and the Balkans.
Daalder and Lieber analyze additional differences between President Bush and Senator Kerry through the lens of Darfur, North Korea, and Iran.
"There are concerns that placing the [Israeli] embassy in Jerusalem would be a sign that the United States recognizes it as a part of Israel's sovereign territory, even though the position of the U.S. over the last 70 years or so is that Jerusalem is actually disputed territory, and that the status of it will have to be resolved through negotiations."
"I would be surprised if the State Department interpreted the Jerusalem Embassy Act as requiring it to break ground on a new embassy facility or take other such steps. The plain language of the statute only requires that the secretary of state determine and report to Congress that the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem has officially opened."