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Unidentified government officials stand on used vegetable oil tins donated by the U.S. at a food distribution point near Jijiga, eastern Ethiopia December 1, 2009. Aid workers in Ethiopia will investigate how foreign humanitarian relief supplies are delivered after opposition political parties alleged that their members were being denied food ahead of elections in May. Picture taken December 1, 2009. REUTERS/Barry Malone (ETHIOPIA - Tags: POLITICS FOOD CRIME LAW IMAGES OF THE DAY) - RTXS2K0
Future Development

Future Development Reads: Inequality, universal basic income, and subsidy reform in MENA

Two interesting takes on inequality crossed my desk this week. One shows how foreign aid and fiscal federalism can complement each other in reducing inequality in Ethiopia. The other finds that inequality in distributing oil rents can cause the Dutch disease


Universal basic income continues to be discussed and debated. Australian economist Martin Ravallion claims arguments against UBI are straw men. I participated in a debate hosted by the Overseas Development Institute on whether the time has come for UBI. You can watch the video or listen to the podcast.

A new website on communicating economics offers “tools and tips on the world’s most misunderstood subject.” Meanwhile, economist Kate Raworth’s book, Doughnut Economics, proposes a new paradigm for “21st century economists.”

Finally, a book by some of my colleagues on subsidy reform in the Middle East and North Africa, published by Springer, is available to download free, thanks to the World Bank’s open knowledge policy.

This blog was first launched in September 2013 by the World Bank in an effort to hold governments more accountable to poor people and offer solutions to the most prominent development challenges. Continuing this goal, Future Development was re-launched in January 2015 at

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