Four Top 10 Lists about STEM Job Vacancies and Skills in U.S. Metro Areas

“STEM skills are in high demand relative to supply, and the problem is especially acute in certain metropolitan areas, where the average vacancy for STEM workers takes months to fill,” Jonathan Rothwell finds in his new paper “Still Searching: Job Vacancies and STEM Skills.”

In his study, Rothwell looks at metro area data* from the first quarter of 2013, providing rankings of the 100 largest metro areas by population for the following categories: total number of advertisements for job openings; average ad duration in days; average market value of advertised skill requirement; share of ads requiring STEM skills; share of ads requiring stem skills and at least a bachelor’s degree; and share of ads requiring stem skills and a sub-bachelor’s level of education.

Below are top-10 lists of metros based on four of these metrics, all for the first quarter of 2013. Visit the interactive for a complete picture of all metro areas.

Total Number of Ads for Job Openings

New York 72,972
Washington, DC 47,004
Los Angeles 46,830
Chicago 39,819
Houston 34,816
San Francisco 34,749
Dallas 33,166
Minneapolis 32,228
Boston 30,671
Atlanta 29,249

Average Ad Duration (Number of Days)

Stockton 56.1
San Jose 53.9
Fresno 53.2
San Francisco 49.9
Detroit 47.0
Bakersfield 46.9
Riverside 46.5
Grand Rapids 46.1
Greenville 44.0
Sacramento 44.0

Average Market Value of Advertised Skill Requirements

San Jose $68,128
San Francisco 63,536
Washington, DC 63,095
Austin 62,023
New York 61,769
Durham-Chapel Hill 61,580
Seattle 61,275
Charlotte 61,245
Hartford 60,778
Raleigh 60,655

Share of Ads Requiring STEM Skills

San Jose 60.6%
Durham-Chapel Hill 56.0
Washington, DC 55.1
Charlotte 48.3
San Francisco 48.3
Raleigh 48.3
San Diego 47.9
Baltimore 47.5
Austin 47.4
Seattle 47.0

* The data are derived from the labor market information company Burning Glass and other sources.

Looking at these figures along with other data, Rothwell comes to the following conclusions in his paper:

  • Job openings for STEM positions take longer to fill than openings in other fields.
  • Specific high-value skills requested by employers and common to STEM occupations are particularly scarce relative to demand and yet particularly valuable to employers.
  • The regional supply of workers in a given occupation affects the length of vacancy advertisements.

Download the report and data here.