The future of US alliances in the Indo-Pacific: A conversation with Senator Tammy Duckworth
Scaling quality education in India: Year 2 results of the Quality Education India Development Impact Bond and beyond
Book Launch & Panel Discussion | Future of Coal in India: Smooth Transition or Bumpy Road Ahead?
On April 22, Madiha Afzal joined the United States Institute of Peace for a discussion on relations between India and Pakistan.
[Because India cannot tackle China's growing presence on its own,] you have now seen a broader switch in Indian strategy that has involved both developing its own capabilities and welcoming other external actors.
India historically has been skeptical of the U.S. as being unreliable, always attaching strings to relationships with partner countries, and then weaponizing their interdependence.
It's an open question how much this [arms purchases from U.S. rivals] will end up affecting partners like India, but also countries like Indonesia and Vietnam who have these legacy relationships with Russia and are not going to give them up any time soon. In fact, there's an argument to be made that for America's Indo-Pacific objectives, you actually want these countries to maintain and build up a certain amount of military capability, and in some cases the U.S. cannot offer that capability.
The U.S.-India relationship is largely in sync, but Russia remains one major area of difference.