Vanda Felbab-Brown joined Diane Rehm to discuss President Obama’s drug control strategy- a new approach which seeks to achieve balance prevention, treatment and law enforcement.
Diane Rehm: How many countries have gone the way of Colombia or Mexico b/c we continued to demand the complete repression of illicit drug production and transport?
Vanda Felbab-Brown: Well it is our demand more so than the war on drugs or counternarcotics efforts that, of course, drives supply around the world. We are starting to recognize that we are not the only consuming country in the world and, more and more, we are not the most intensely consuming country in the world – Brazil and Argentina, now have prevalence use on par with or even greater than the United States. In Pakistan and Afghanistan the addiction rates and use rates are probably great.
However, the question identifies a very important part of the problem, which is, far too often, our counternarcotics policies abroad have sole focus on repression, on forced eradication, and on interdiction. Other approaches like drug treatment and socioeconomic investments and investments in the judicial systems are also part of the policies, but they have often been an afterthought, thrown in to pacify the publics and the critics.
One of the very positive things about the new strategy released is that it indeed emphasizes very strongly the need for socioeconomic programs, for improved rule of law in these countries. In fact, one of the striking sentences in the report was the eradication needs to be complimented by alternative livelihoods. Not that is simply should be, but that it needs to be. Now, that is often not part of our source country policies, such as in Colombia, but it is very much now part of the strategy in Afghanistan.
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[The recent Senate Foreign Relations Committee report on Russian meddling] is a thorough and comprehensive view of Russia’s decades-long political warfare against the West. The lesson learned from Europe, which has borne the brunt of Russian attacks, is that Russia can be deterred but that requires leadership. For that reason, this report would have sent a much stronger message to the Trump administration if it had Republican support. As is, it is an urgent warning and a call to action, but it may fall on deaf ears.