In 2000 commentators everywhere were hailing the boom in some western economies as the dawn of a new economy. In 2001, with a slowdown in the US economy, dot.coms folding, and information and communications technology firms feeling the pinch globally, the headline writers have swung the other way, saying that it was all a myth. Was it? The New Economy looks past the elation and gloom to help policymakers think and act with the facts. It explores the causes of the discrepancy in economic performance in the OECD area. It shows that while technology has had a pervasive and profound effect on economies and societies, it alone was not the reason for fast growth. What counts more is how that technology is put to work. The book argues forcefully that whatever the outlook for the business cycle; we are now faced with a new economic environment. It urges policymakers to adopt a comprehensive growth strategy that involves information and communication technologies, human capital, innovation, and entrepreneurship in the growth process alongside policies to mobilize labor and increase investment for the long term. The book also stresses the importance of good fundamentals—macroeconomic stability, openness and competition, sound economic and social institutions, and proper social protection—in achieving success.