This volume evaluates the various drivers and outcomes of the Arab revolutions, all of which continue to bear an ever-greater influence on the formulation of American strategy in the Middle East. The authors examine the critical period of transition in Egypt, escalating violence and options of intervention in Syria, and the threats associated with a nuclear Iran. They also analyze U.S. efforts in balancing an effective strategy of immediate economic assistance and long-term investment in the region, reviewing the Obama administration’s successes and failures during the overall process of Arab democratization.
Contents • Iran: A Bomb or Be Bombed? Graham Allison (Harvard University) • Middle East and North Africa: Historic Context, Current Situation, and Possible Implications of the “Arab Spring” Kito de Boer (McKinsey & Company) • Has the Obama Response to the Arab Revolutions Been Effective? Yes, Not Really, and Probably Too Soon to Tell Peter Feaver (Duke University) • Iran Options Outline Stephen J. Hadley (RiceHadleyGates LLC) • Obama’s Strategy for the “Arab Spring” Revolutions: What Has the Administration Tried to Do—and How Well Has It Succeeded?” David Ignatius (Washington Post) • Obama and the Arab Awakenings: U.S. Middle East Strategy in a Time of Turmoil Martin Indyk (Brookings Institution) • Egypt: How Should the U.S. Respond? Dilemmas and Recommendations for U.S. Policy Michèle Flournoy (Boston Consulting Group) and Melissa Dalton (Center for a New American Security) • Revising U.S. Strategy in Light of the Arab Uprisings Colin H. Kahl (Georgetown University) • Beyond Political Islam Tarek Masoud (Harvard University) • The Old Middle East and the New Richard N. Haass (Council on Foreign Relations)