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Sustainable Development

Linking Economy, Society, Environment

By Tracey Strange and Anne Bayley

We see the expression “sustainable development” everywhere, but what does it actually mean? How do production and consumption influence sustainability? Is globalization of the economy helping or hindering it? Can sustainability be measured using the traditional tools of economic analysis? What can governments, enterprises, and citizens do to promote it?


The OECD produces data, research, and policy recommendations on many issues related to sustainable development, including climate change, cooperation with developing countries, and corporate social responsibility. OECD Insights: Sustainable Development draws on that expertise. It argues that to be sustainable, development has to be based on progress in three areas at once: the economy, society, and the environment.

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